I have listed two main hormone disorders in this section which appear to be the most common and is that of thyroid disease and diabetes, but it does not cover all the hormone disorders, and for that you may have to undertake your own research. You may wish to see the Society for Endocrinology’s website ‘You & Your Hormones’ at www.yourhormones.info and keep an open mind as other resources may differ on opinion about hormone diagnosis and treatment. Always consult your doctor if you think you may present with symptoms listed on this website.
Thyroid Diseases – The thyroid gland is considered to be a Butterfly shaped gland located at the front part of the neck and produces thyroid hormones which helps to regulate metabolism. The thyroid gland has links with the pituitary gland which is overseen by the hypothalamus and the pituitary is not only involved in metabolism but also growth, weight control, thirst and hunger, stress response, sexual characteristics and libido, fertility and lactation, and body temperature. Thyroid disease is thought to be more common in females than males and perhaps this is due to pregnancy which may activate the condition and other reproductive changes. Studies have suggested that thyroid disease during pregnancy may affect the intellectual development of the unborn baby.
Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid disease) symptoms: Tiredness and excessive need for sleep, skin may feel cold and feel dry and thick, hair thinning and may be dry and coarse, loss of other body hair such as eyebrows, flaking and splitting nails, hoarse or croaky voice, constipation, muscle weakness, cramps, aches and pains, difficulty climbing stairs, sore muscles, pins and needles in fingers and hands, period changes in women which may include heavier or less bleeding or absence of a period, fertility problems, unexplained weight gain, puffy face and bags under eyes, change in facial appearance, slow speech, slow movements and thoughts, low mood, depression, memory problems and lack of concentration, slow heart beat and alteration in blood pressure, increased cholesterol hormones, anaemia, swelling at the front of the neck, sensation of a lump in the throat (also see thyroid lumps or solitary thyroid lump) , unsteadiness on ones feet, mental disturbance and hallucinations, loss of libido and impotency.
Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid disease) symptoms – Palpitations with undue awareness of heart rate, rapid and sometimes irregular heart rate, rapid pulse, blood pressure changes, breathlessness, hair loss, brittle nails, unexplained weight loss rather than weight gain, swelling and tenderness of the throat, hyperactive behaviour, clumsiness and tendency to drop things, difficulty sleeping, nervousness and anxiety, irritability, aggressive behaviour, sweating, heat intolerance, thirst, tremor in hands and fingers, looseness of bowels or diarrhoea, weak muscles with difficulty rising from sitting position or reaching up for something, warm moist hands, increased appetite despite weight loss, lack of concentration and memory, eye pain and double vision, swelling or protruding eyes, development of painless red lumps usually on shins, in women periods may become scant or may stop, impaired fertility, osteoporosis (also see osteopenia and problems with the parathyroid), low cholesterol, low libido and impotency, children may grow faster than their peers.
I have one sister who has underactive thyroid disease like my Mother, and another sister who had non-typical thyroid disease with symptoms of both hypo and hyper so was given medication to make her mostly overactive and then given iodine treatment so she is now underactive. I have had normal thyroid levels but have been found to have a thyroid nodule.
For your own research please see the following on the internet:
- Premenstrual syndrome and thyroid nodules.
- Thyroid registers and petitions around the world and add your voice.
- Iodine Global Network Symposium on Iodine and Pregnancy, 17/3/16, Professor John Lasarus.
- Hashimoto disease.
- Grave’s disease.
- ‘Swinging thyroid’ levels.
- The solitary thyroid nodule.
- Thyroid hormones and adrenals, ovaries, and testicles.
- Metabolism: understanding resistance to thyroid hormones.
- Thyroid disease and the cerebellum.
- Thyroid relationship between the thyroid and the liver.
- Major organs of the endocrine system.
- Skin pigmentation and thyroid disease (also see skin pigmentation and Addison’s disease and pernicious anaemia).
- Has Yale University finally found a cure for Vitiligo? Telegraph science news, 24/6/15.
- Premenstrual (PMS) syndrome and a possible thyroid /diabetes link (please see the Hormone Changes section on this website).
- British thyroid foundation.
- Pituitary foundation.
- Stop the thyroid madness.
- Thyroid patient advocacy.
- International thyroid foundation.
- Connection of thyroid disease and diabetes disorders to pernicious anaemia and gluten proteins (please see the Immune system section on this website for further information regarding protein disorders).
- Schmidt’s syndrome and autoimmunity.
- Dravet syndrome and the ketogenic diet.
Compared to diabetes research, thyroid disease research may be a poor relation and this may be because diabetes may affect both males and females equally whereas thyroid disease is thought to affect more females. The history of diabetes around the world may also be more understood than that of thyroid disease.
Diabetes mellitus (Diabetes) is a common life-long health condition and like thyroid disease above an individual may not realise they have it for some time with dire consequences. For further information regarding the history and ongoing research of diabetes please see Diabetes UK.
- Type 1 diabetes usually requires a person to have insulin.
- Type 2 diabetes tends to be more diet related.
Hyperglycaemia (high) and hypoglycaemia (low) can come with diabetes and may require different treatment approaches.
There are various symptoms that accompany diabetes and for a more comprehensive list please refer to Diabetes UK as people vary and so based on individuality.
Symptoms may include: Increased thirst, passing urine more often that smells sweet, sweating, extreme tiredness, mental fatigue and discomfort, feeling spaced out, heavy and weak feeling in ones muscles especially in the chest, arms, and legs with shakiness, dizziness, weight changes, blurred and watery vision, tingling or itching of the lips and mouth, genital itching or regular episodes of thrush, slow healing of wounds and mood changes which may include irritability, anger/rage or as an opposite euphoria and giggling, lack of concentration and eye contact.
As far back as 1987, the psychiatrist Henry Maudsley, who was also involved in menstrual distress which was not always positive, noted that diabetes is a disease which often shows itself in families in which insanity prevails (British Journal of Psychiatry, Chris Bushe MB BS).
For you own research please see the following on the internet:
- Gestational diabetes.
- Polycystic ovaries and insulin resistance.
- Libido and diabetes in males and females (including treatments such as testosterone).
- Diabetes and ketones.
- At first do no harm – epilepsy and the ketogenic diet.
- Premenstrual syndrome (PMS), irregular periods, and epilepsy.
- PMS and possible diabetes connection.
- PMS and low blood sugar levels/appetite changes/eating disorders.
- Blood sugar levels and adrenal levels.
- Extraordinary measures – Pompe disease and glucose high with giggles with glucose breakdown.
- Hypoglycaemia and HbA1c levels.
- Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and HbA1c levels.
- Juvenile diabetes foundation.
- Hypothyroidism, diabetes, and cholesterol.
- Metabolic syndrome.
- Steroid induced diabetes.
- Statin induced diabetes.
- Protein induced diabetes.
- Diabetes and multiple sclerosis.
- Oestrogen receptor-alpha gene and diabetes (also refer to the possible link of this gene to PMS and cardiovascular disease).
- 600 calorie diet helps those with type 2 diabetes.
Endocrine Disorders and lipids, triglycerides, cholesterol.
Heart attacks and heart disease may present differently to strokes. Strokes may present as sharp pains in the head which may be strong and unusual, and with physical problems, as well as dizziness and sickness.
See the Heart Foundation and the Stroke Association for further information.